BirdScan systems: pulsed X-band radar
BirdScan systems include a pulsed X-band radar. The radar comprises an antenna, a transmit unit, and a receiver. The transmit unit generates hundreds of pulses per second. The antenna bundles the pulses into a directed beam, which is typically oriented vertically. The antenna also serves as a receiver and the received signal is converted into a digital signal.
The conical directed beam of BirdScan radar systems have a well defined shape and volume. For targets with approximately known size, which is provided by the classification module, the surveyed space can be calculated. This than allows to obtain a quantitative estimation of birds aloft in form of Migration Traffic Rates.
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